S.M.A.R.T. Attributes

Each drive manufacturer defines a set of attributes and selects threshold values which attributes should not go below under normal operation.

Attribute values can range from 1 to 253 (1 representing the worst case and 253 representing the best). Depending on the manufacturer, a value of 100 or 200 will often be chosen as the "normal" value. Manufacturers that have supported one or more S.M.A.R.T. attributes in various products include: Samsung, Seagate, IBM ( Hitachi), Fujitsu, Maxtor, Western Digital.

These manufacturers do not necessarily agree on precise attribute definitions and measurement units; therefore the following list should be regarded as a general reference only.

Note that the attribute values are always mapped to the range of 1 to 253 in a way that means higher values are better. For example, the "Reallocated Sectors Count" attribute value decreases as the number of reallocated sectors increases. In this case, the attribute's raw value will often indicate the actual number of sectors that were reallocated, although vendors are in no way required to adhere to this convention.

Known S.M.A.R.T. attributes

ID Hex Attribute name Better Description
01 01 Read Error Rate Lower Indicates the rate of hardware read errors that occurred when reading data from a disk surface. Any number indicates a problem with either disk surface or read/write heads.
02 02 Throughput Performance Higher Overall (general) throughput performance of a hard disk drive. If the value of this attribute is decreasing there is a high probability that there is a problem with the disk.
03 03 Spin-Up Time Lower Average time of spindle spin up (from zero RPM to fully operational).
04 04 Start/Stop Count A tally of spindle start/stop cycles.
05 05 Reallocated Sectors Count Lower Count of reallocated sectors. When the hard drive finds a read/write/verification error, it marks this sector as "reallocated" and transfers data to a special reserved area (spare area). This process is also known as remapping and "reallocated" sectors are called remaps. This is why, on modern hard disks, "bad blocks" cannot be found while testing the surface — all bad blocks are hidden in reallocated sectors. However, the more sectors that are reallocated, the more read/write speed will decrease.
06 06 Read Channel Margin Margin of a channel while reading data. The function of this attribute is not specified.
07 07 Seek Error Rate Lower Rate of seek errors of the magnetic heads. If there is a failure in the mechanical positioning system, a servo damage or a thermal widening of the hard disk, seek errors arise. More seek errors indicates a worsening condition of a disk surface and the mechanical subsystem.
08 08 Seek Time Performance Higher Average performance of seek operations of the magnetic heads. If this attribute is decreasing, it is a sign of problems in the mechanical subsystem.
09 09 Power-On Hours (POH) Lower Count of hours in power-on state. The raw value of this attribute shows total count of hours (or minutes, or seconds, depending on manufacturer) in power-on state.
10 0A Spin Retry Count Lower Count of retry of spin start attempts. This attribute stores a total count of the spin start attempts to reach the fully operational speed under the condition that the first attempt was unsuccessful). An increase of this attribute value is a sign of problems in the hard disk mechanical subsystem.
11 0B Recalibration Retries Lower This attribute indicates the number of times recalibration was requested (under the condition that the first attempt was unsuccessful). A decrease of this attribute value is a sign of problems in the hard disk mechanical subsystem.
12 0C Device Power Cycle Count This attribute indicates the count of full hard disk power on/off cycles.
13 0D Soft Read Error Rate Lower Uncorrected read errors reported to the operating system. If the value is non-zero, you should back up your data.
190 BE Airflow Temperature (WDC) Lower Airflow temperature on Western Digital HDs (Same as temp. (C2), but current value is 50 less.)
190 BE Temperature Difference from 100 Higher Value is equal to (100 -temp °C), allowing manufacturer to set a minimum threshold which corresponds to a maximum temperature. Seagate ST910021AS: Verified Present Seagate ST3802110A: Verified Present 2007-02-13 Seagate ST980825AS: Verified Present 2007-04-05 Seagate ST3320620AS: Verified Present 2007-04-23 Seagate ST3500641AS: Verified Present 2007-06-12 Seagate ST3250824AS: Verified Present 2007-08-07
191 BF G-sense error rate Lower Frequency of mistakes as a result of impact loads
192 C0 Power-off Retract Count Number of times the heads are loaded off the media. Heads can be unloaded without actually powering off. (or Emergency Retract Cycle count -Fujitsu)
193 C1 Load/Unload Cycle Count of load/unload cycles into head landing zone position.
194 C2 Temperature Lower Current internal temperature.
195 C3 Hardware ECC Recovered Higher Time between ECC-corrected errors.
196 C4 Reallocation Event Count Lower Count of remap operations. The raw value of this attribute shows the total number of attempts to transfer data from reallocated sectors to a spare area. Both successful & unsuccessful attempts are counted.
197 C5 Current Pending Sector Count Lower Number of "unstable" sectors (waiting to be remapped). If the unstable sector is subsequently written or read successfully, this value is decreased and the sector is not remapped. Read errors on the sector will not remap the sector, it will only be remapped on a failed write attempt. This can be problematic to test because cached writes will not remap the sector, only direct I/O writes to the disk.
198 C6 Uncorrectable Sector Count Lower The total number of uncorrectable errors when reading/writing a sector. A rise in the value of this attribute indicates defects of the disk surface and/or problems in the mechanical subsystem.
199 C7 UltraDMA CRC Error Count Lower The number of errors in data transfer via the interface cable as determined by ICRC (Interface Cyclic Redundancy Check).
200 C8 Write Error Rate / Multi-Zone Error Rate Lower The total number of errors when writing a sector.
201 C9 Soft Read Error Rate Lower Number of off-track errors. If non-zero, make a backup.
202 CA Data Address Mark errors Lower Number of Data Address Mark errors (or vendorspecific).
203 CB Run Out Cancel Lower Number of ECC errors
204 CC Soft ECC Correction Lower Number of errors corrected by software ECC
205 CD Thermal Asperity Rate (TAR) Lower Number of thermal asperity errors.
206 CE Flying Height
207 CF Spin High Current Amount of high current used to spin up the drive.
208 D0 Spin Buzz Number of buzz routines to spin up the drive
209 D1 Offline Seek Performance Drive's seek performance during offline operations
220 DC Disk Shift Lower Distance the disk has shifted relative to the spindle (usually due to shock). Unit of measure is unknown.
221 DD G-Sense Error Rate Lower The number of errors resulting from externally-induced shock & vibration.
222 DE Loaded Hours Time spent operating under data load (movement of magnetic head armature)
223 DF Load/Unload Retry Count Number of times head changes position.
224 E0 Load Friction Lower Resistance caused by friction in mechanical parts while operating.
225 E1 Load/Unload Cycle Count Lower Total number of load cycles
226 E2 Load 'In'-time Total time of loading on the magnetic heads actuator (time not spent in parking area).
227 E3 Torque Amplification Count Lower Number of attempts to compensate for platter speed variations
228 E4 Power- Off Retract Cycle Lower The number of times the magnetic armature was retracted automatically as a result of cutting power.
230 E6 GMR Head Amplitude Amplitude of "thrashing" (distance of repetitive forward/reverse head motion)
231 E7 Temperature Lower Drive Temperature
240 F0 Head Flying Hours Lower Time while head is positioning
250 FA Read Error Retry Rate Lower Number of errors while reading from a disk

Performance Monitoring

Provides background hard disk performance monitoring and control over the disk's state

S.M.A.R.T. Technologiy

Based on Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.)

Scanning disks for bad sectors

Able to scan and display bad sectors on a disk surface

Тemperature graph

Keeps the history of temperature measures and draws a temperature graph

E-mail and pop-up notifications

Sends an e-mail or a popup notification automatically if critical conditions appear

Remote Administration and Monitoring

Shows all information and receives notifications from remote computers in local or global network